October 28, 2020

HTML Tutorial Lesson 6 – Working with Fonts

Lesson 6

Working with Fonts

Yeah, HTML is good. We've gotten pretty deep into text control, but there's still more ahead so let's trudge on.
We can control the font in HTML using, what else, the <FONT> tag! We can use the <FONT> tag to control size using the SIZE attribute. The SIZE attribute is used like this:

<FONT SIZE="x">
This text font size x.
</FONT>

Where x is a number, from 1 to 7. The size that the formatted text is depends on the viewers preference settings and screen resolution. Generally though, 1 is really small and 7 is really big. Just in case you're curious, the default font size is 3. There is also a tag called the <BASEFONT> tag, which only can take the SIZE attibute, bute is made to change the size of the text on the entire page.

We can also add color to our text using the <FONT> tag. Color is added to text using, duh, the COLOR attribute to the <FONT> tag. We use the COLOR attribute the same way as the SIZE attribute:

<FONT SIZE="4" COLOR="blue">
This is colorful text in font size 4!
</FONT>

To our page's viewers, it would look like this:

This is colorful text in font size 4!

The COLOR attribute can use these standard colors: black, white, green, red, yellow, blue, aqua, fuchsia, gray, lime, maroon, purple, navy, olive, silver or teal. What? You need more control? Then I suggest you learn the hexadecimal color codes. Hex color codes are used like this:

<FONT COLOR="#0033FF">
This text is purple.
</FONT>

For more information on Hex color codes, I suggest you try this site.

The last attribute to <FONT> we'll learn in this lesson is FACE. By defining a font's face, you can control the appearance of that font. The FACE attribute is used like this:

<FONT FACE="arial" size="5" color="blue">
This text is a stunning arial size 5 in blue!
</FONT>

To the viewer, it would look like this:

This text is a stunning arial size 5 in blue!

Yes, this is great, but there's a catch: for the viewer to see this font change he needs to have the font on his computer. How does it get there? Different computer's come with different font's installed. For example, the Arial font is used on PCs, but Macs use a similar font called Helvetica. We can get around this by asking for backup choices in our FACE attribute. This is done like this:

<FONT FACE="arial,helvetica">
This text is either Arial or Helvetica.
</FONT> This will show up as arial on computers that have arial installed, or helvetica if they do'nt have arial but do have helvetica. If they do'nt have either, the font does'nt change. However, you can specify as many back up choices as you want.

Yeah, simple text is great, but what if we need to put some special characters into our page? Well, once again HTML to the rescue! The format for this is & followed by the Numeric Code of the special character, or the mnemonic entity of that character, followed by a ;. 

Here’s a list of the important special characters:

CharacterNumeric CodeMnemonic EntityCharacter Name
#34quotQuotation mark
&#38ampAmpersand
<#60ltLess Than sign
>#62gtGreater Than sign
¢#162centCent sign
£#163poundPound sterling
¦#166brkbarBroken Vertical bar
§#167sectSection sign
©#169copyCopyright
®#174regRegistered trademark
°#176degDegree sign
±#177plusmnPositive or Negative
²#178sup2Superscript two
³#179sup3Superscript three
·#183middotMiddle dot
¹#185sup1Superscript one
¼#188frac14Fraction one-fourth
½#189frac12Fraction one-half
¾#190frac34Fraction three-fourths
Æ#198AEligCapital AE ligature
æ#230aeligSmall ae ligature
É#201EacuteAccented capital E
é#233eacuteAccented small e
×#215Multiply sign
÷#247Division sign
I'll be putting up a complete list of these signs on the main site, so come back and check for it later.

Hey! Here's a little secret: to change the Background color of our web page, simply insert the BGCOLOR attribute into your <BODY> tag. It's used like this:

<BODY BGCOLOR="color or hex number code">

A little review: How would we put the copyright sign (©) on your website? If you answered & followed immediately by #169;, you're correct!